François Hollande is a French statesman, president of the Republic from 15 May 2012 to 14 May 2017.
After coming out of the ENA 8th in 1980, in 1984 he became magistrate at the Court of Auditors and briefly a lawyer. He was first elected deputy in 1988. He was first secretary of the Socialist Party (PS) from 1997 to 2008 in the first cohabitation government, then in opposition. At local level, he was mayor of Tulle from 2001 to 2008 and president of Corrèze departmental council from 2008 to 2012.
Appointed the PS candidate for the 2012 presidential election, following the primary he was elected head of state, defeating Nicolas Sarkozy, with 51.6 % of the votes cast in the second round. His presidency was marked by an increase in taxation, then by a social-liberal shift, by the law on gay marriage, by the holding of the Paris Conference on Climate, by military action (in Mali, in Central Africa and in the Middle-East), by the migration crisis in Europe and by the establishment of a state of emergency following several Islamic terrorist attacks in France.
Faced with low voting expectations and risking an open primary, he decided not to run for a second term, the first time this has happened during the Fifth Republic. After his presidency, he has no longer sat on the Constitutional Council, of which he is an ex-officio member.